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NFI glossary and dictionary

On this page you find the translations of woody species and of terms as well as their explanations (marked with yellow background), which were used in the NFI.

main tree species
Term used for the ten most important native tree species or genuses: spruce (Picea abies), silver fir (Abies alba), pine (Pinus sylvestris, P. nigra, P. mugo), larch (Larix decidua, L. kaempferi), arolla pine (Pinus cembra), beech (Fagus sylvatica), maple (Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides), ash (Fraxinus excelsior, F. ornus), oak (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens,Q. rubra) and chestnut (Castanea sativa). All of the remaining tree species are referenced as "other conifers" or alternatively "other broadleaves".

[D] Hauptbaumart
Bezeichnung für die zehn wichtigsten einheimischen Baumarten oder Baumgattungen: Fichte (Picea abies), Tanne (Abies alba), Föhren (Pinus sylvestris, P. nigra, P. mugo), Lärchen (Larix decidua, L. kaempferi), Arve (Pinus cembra), Buche (Fagus sylvatica), Ahorne (Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides), Eschen (Fraxinus excelsior, F. ornus), Eichen (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. rubra) und Kastanie (Castanea sativa). Alle übrigen Baumarten werden als übrige Nadelbäume bzw. übrige Laubbäume zusammengefasst.

[F] essence principale
Désignation des dix principales essences ou genres autochtones : épicéa (Picea abies), sapin (Abies alba), pins (Pinus sylvestris, P. nigra, P. mugo), mélèzes (Larix decidua, L. kaempferi), arole (Pinus cembra), hêtre (Fagus sylvatica), érables (Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides), frênes (Fraxinus excelsior, F. ornus), chênes (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. rubra) et châtaignier (Castanea sativa). Les autres essences sont rassemblées sous la dénomination autres résineux ou autres feuillus.

[I] specie arborea principale
Designazione attribuita alle dieci più importanti specie arboree o generi arborei indigeni: abete rosso (Picea abies), abete bianco (Abies alba), pini (Pinus sylverstris, P. nigra, P. mugo), larici (Larix decidua, L. kaempferi), pino cembro (Pinus cembra), faggio (Fagus sylvatica), aceri (Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides), frassini (Fraxinus excelsior, F. ornus), querce (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. rubra) e castagno (Castanea sativa). Tutte le altre specie vengono raggruppate e indicate rispettivamente come altre conifere oppure altre latifoglie.
  • Recommended form of citation:
    Brändli, U.-B.; Speich, S., 2007: Swiss NFI glossary and dictionary. [Published online 27.06.2007]. Available from World Wide Web <http://www.lfi.ch/glossar/glossar-en.php>. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL.
  • The German definition of the scientific terms was done with the help of the following lexica and terminologies:
    LdF = Lexikon der Forstbotanik (Schütt et al. 1991)
    SSI = Sanasilva-Inventur WSL. Terminologie im Sanasilva-Bericht 1997 (Brang und Kaennel Dobbertin 1997)
    SAFE = Forsteinrichtungsbegriffe. Schweizerischer Arbeitskreis für Forsteinrichtung (1986).
    TFW = Terminologie Forsteinrichtung/Waldinventur (Bick et al. 1994)
    WBö = Wörterbücher der Biologie. Ökologie (Schäfer und Tischler 1983)
    WT = Waldbauliche Terminologie (Brünig und Mayer 1980)
    Anl. LFI = Anleitung für die Feldaufnahmen der Erhebung 1993-1995 (Stierlin et al. 1994)
  • The German, French and Italien plant names were taken mainly from the book Die häufigsten Waldbäume der Schweiz or from the Flora Helvetica
  • The English plant names were taken form the internet (swiss web flora, PLANTS Database and Dictionary of Common Names by plantpress.com). The notations and abbreviations were taken from IPNI - The international Plant Names Index.
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last update: 29.01.2018